Quiz of Ear & Nasal Cavity

Quiz of Ear and Nasal Cavity.



Welcome to your Quiz - Ear & Nasal Cavity



1) Q: The entry of bacteria through which space could lead to an infection in the mastoid air cells?

2) Q: Which structure is attached to the center of the tympanic membrane?

3) Q: A 45-year old woman with recurrent left middle ear infection (otitis media) complained of partial dryness of her mouth to her ENT surgeon. Taste sensation and hearing were normal. After a thorough clinical examination at the hospital, the doctor concluded that the infection must have spread to a component of the glossopharyngeal nerve (CN IX) that supplies the parotid gland. On which of the following walls of the middle ear is this nerve component located?

4) Q: A 3-year-old girl ruptured her eardrum when she inserted a pencil into her ear. Her mother took her to the emergency department after noticing that the child was crying and complaining of pain in her ear with a few drops of blood in the external auditory meatus. The attending doctor examined the child for possible injury to a nerve that runs across the eardrum. The most likely nerve to be injured is the:

5) Q: An elderly patient with chronic otitis media (middle ear infection) might have all the following complications EXCEPT:

6) Q: A patient with a facial nerve paralysis suffers from inability to dampen loud noises (hyperacusis) due to denervation of which muscle?

7) Q: All of the following are true about the middle ear EXCEPT:

8) Q: A patient has sustained a fracture to the base of the skull. Thorough examination concluded that the right greater petrosal nerve, among other structures, has been injured. This conclusion was based on which of the patient's signs:

9) Q: The location of the otic ganglion is in the:

10) Q: A patient complains of loss of hearing in the right ear. Examination reveals ankylosis (otosclerosis) of the footplate of the stapes to the surrounding bone. Which part of the bony labyrinth is involved?

11) Q: The geniculate ganglion is the sensory ganglion of which nerve:

12) Q: Repeated middle ear infections have destroyed the tympanic plexus in the middle ear cavity. The loss of preganglionic parasympathetic fibers that pass through the plexus diminish production of:

13) Q: The soft palate is active in all of the following except:

14) Q: Most paranasal sinuses and/or air cells drain, directly or indirectly, into the:

15) Q: Irrigation of the maxillary sinus through its opening is a supportive measure to accelerate the resolution of a maxillary sinus infection. Which of the following nasal spaces is the most likely approach to the sinus opening?

16) Q: In assessing a deep laceration of the right side of the nose, the attending physician determines that the cartilage on the lateral side of the nostril has been cut. What cartilage was injured?

17) Q: The nasolacrimal duct empties into which part of the nasal cavity?

18) Q: The pharyngeal tonsils, or adenoids, may become inflamed and in serious cases need to be removed. Where would the physician search for them?

19) Q: The middle nasal concha is part of what bone?

20) Q: A 23-year-old man comes to you complaining that he can't stop crying, i.e. tears regularly run down the right side of his face. You suspect that one of the lacrimal ducts on the right side of the face is blocked. You look into an endoscope to see if the nasolacrimal duct is blocked. Into which part of the nasal cavity would you look to see the opening of the duct?

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