Questions of Head and Neck with Answer key

Questions of Head and Neck with Answer key

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HEAD AND NECK

1. The anterior fontanelle is which shaped?
2. Posterior fontanelle usually closes at which stage of life?
3. The mastoid process develops during ???
4. Which sinuses serves as voice resonators?
5. Nasal septum is largely formed by which bone?
6. Below the orbit maxilla is perforated by?
7. Which bone forms the prominence of cheeks?
8. Most common fractures of facial fractures?
9. Frontal bone articulates with parietal bones at which suture?
10. Thinnest part of the lateral wall of skull is called?
11. What important thing lies below pterion?
12. Crebriform plate tranmits?
13. Optic canal transmits?
14. Middle meningeal artery is transmitted through?
15. Foramen ovale transmits which nerve?
16. Internal acoustic meatus transmits?
17. Which is the largest and strongest bone of face?
18. Name the foramen which is below the 2 nd molar tooth and what nerve it transmits?
19. Temporomandibular joint is which type of joint?
20. Congenital torticollis is caused by damaging of which muscle during labour?
21. Platysma muscle is supplied by which nerve?
22. Geniohyoid muscle is supplied by which nerve?
23. Which muscle divides the neck to anterio and posterior triangles?
24. Muscle of scalp and face derived from which pharyngeal arch? 25. Scalp contain how many layers ???
26. Muscle of facial expression are supplied by?
27. Right carotid artery arises from?
28. In bells palsy which nerve is damaged?
29. Comon carotid artery divides at the upper border of ?
30. Carotid sinus is supplied by which nerve?
31. Behind the neck of mandible carotid artery divides into?
32. Lingual artery is branch of which artery?
33. Lingual artery is crossed superficially by whichb nerve?
34. Occipital artery supplies????
35. Middle meningeal artery is branch of ?
36. The haemorrhage caused by middle meningeal artery is which type?
37. Internal carotid arteries terminates as ?
38. The only blood supply to retina is ?
39. The middle cerebral artery supplied all the motor area of cortex except?
40. Circle of willis lies in which space?
41. At the outer border of first rib subclavian artery continues as? 42. Which artery divides subclavian artery into 3 parts?
43. Name the branches of first part of subclavian artery?
44. Both vertebral arteries joins to form ?
45. Which nerve is closely related with sup thyroid artery??
46. Which artery is closely related with inf thyroid artery?
47. Inferior parathyroid gland supplied by which artery?
48. Name the branches of third part of subclavian artery?
49. Straight sinus is formed by the union of ?
50. Right transverse sinus is the continuation Of the?
51. Internal jugular vein is continuation by which sinus?
52. Which cranial nerve travels centrally through cavernous sinus? 53. Name the valveless vein that passes through the skull bones?
54. Facial vein is formed by union of ?
55. Retromandibular vein is formed by union of?
56. Maxillary vein is formed from which plexus?
57. External jugular vein formed by union of?
58. Internal jugular vein is closely related with which lymph nodes? 59. Lymph drainage form the tip of the tongue is by?
60. Tonsils are drained by which node?
61. Olfactory bulb is connected tomthe olfactory area of cerebral cortex by?
62. Optic nerve ends at?
63. The nerve cells of the lateral geniculate body to the visual cortex of the cerebral hemisphere by forming ?
64. The most slender of cranial nerves is ?
65. Name the largest cranial nerve?
66. Name the branches of ophthalmic nerve?
67. The nasocilliary nerve continues as which nerve to enter the cranial cavity?
68. Maxillary nerve leaves the skull through which foramen?
69. Buccal nerve supplies ?
70. Other name of sensory root of facial nerve is ?
71. Geniculate ganglion involve which cranial nerve?
72. Nerve to stapedius arise from which nerve?
73. Name the five terminal branches of facial expression?
74. Vestibulocochlear nerve is which type of nerve?
75. Vagus nerve leaves the skull through which foramen?
76. Phayrngeal branch supplies all the muscles of the pharynx except??
77. Which nerve divides into internal and external laryngeal nerves? 78. External laryngeal nerve is which type and supplies which muscle?
79. Recurrent laryngeal nerve on right side hooks around which artery?
80. The cervical plexus is formed by the anterior rami of the root of ???
81. The only motor nerve supply to diaphragm is?
82. Cheek is formed by which muscle?
83. Posteriorly the roof is formed by?
84. Surface of tongue is connected to the floor of mouth by?
85. Deciduous teeth are how many in number ? 86. Side of anterior two thirds of tongue drains into ?
87. Posterior third of tongue is supplied by?
88. Depression of tongue is caused by which muscle?
89. Protrusion of tongue is done by?
90. All extrinsic muscle supplied by hypoglossal nerve except?
91. Name the largest salivery gland?
92. Parasympathetic nerve supply to submandibular gland is by which nerve?
93. All muscle of pharynx is supplied by pharyngeal plexus except? 94. Sensory nerve supply to nasal pharynx is by?
95. Esophagus begins in the neck at the level of which cartilage?
96. Superior meatus lies below which concha?
97. Nasolacrimal duct open in which meatus?
98. Maxillary sinus opens in which meatus ?
99. Name the largest cartilage of larynx?
100. Rod shape cartilage of larynx is called?
101. Other name of false vocal cord is ?
102. Vocal cords are of which color?
103. Tensing of the vocal cord is functiom of which muscle?
104. Relaxing of the vocal is function of which muscle?
105. Below the vocal fold sensory nerve supply is by?
106. All inteinsic muscles are supplied by recurrent laryngeal nerve except?
107. Laterally the pituitary gland is related with?
108. Abducent nerve supply which muscle?
109. Superior oblique is supplied by?
110. Medulla oblongata leaves the cranium through which foramen?

HEAD AND NECK KEYS

1. The anterior fontanelle is which shaped? Diamond shaped
2. Posterior fontanelle usually closes at which stage of life? 1st year of life
3. The mastoid process develops during ??? First 2 years of life
4. Which sinuses serves as voice resonators? Frontal sinuses
5. Nasal septum is largely formed by which bone? Vomer
6. Below the orbit maxilla is perforated by? Inter Maxillary foramen 7. Which bone forms the prominence of cheeks? Zygomatic bone
8. Most common fractures of facial fractures? Nasal fractures
9. Frontal bone articulates with parietal bones at which suture? Coronal suture
10. Thinnest part of the lateral wall of skull is called? Pterion
11. What important thing lies below pterion? Middlw meningeal artery and vein
12. Crebriform plate tranmits? Olfactory nerves
13. Optic canal transmits? Ophthalmic artery and optic nerve
14. Middle meningeal artery is transmitted through? Foramen spinosum
15. Foramen ovale transmits which nerve? Mandibular branch of trigeminal nerve
16. Internal acoustic meatus transmits? Vestibulocochlear ans facial nerves
17. Which is the largest and strongest bone of face? Mandible
18. Name the foramen which is below the 2 nd molar tooth and what nerve it transmits? Mental foramen and transmits terminal branch of inferior alveolar nerve
19. Temporomandibular joint is which type of joint? Synovial joint 20. Congenital torticollis is caused by damaging of which muscle during labour? Sternocledomastoid muscle
21. Platysma muscle is supplied by which nerve? Facial nerve
22. Geniohyoid muscle is supplied by which nerve? C1 through the hypoglossal nerve
23. Which muscle divides the neck to anterio and posterior triangles? Sternocleidomastoid muscle
24. Muscle of scalp and face derived from which pharyngeal arch? 2nd oharyngeal arch
25. Scalp contain how many layers ??? 5 layers
26. Muscle of facial expression are supplied by? Facial nerve
27. Right carotid artery arises from? Brachiocephalic trunk
28. In bells palsy which nerve is damaged? Facial nerve
29. Comon carotid artery divides at the upper border of ? Throid cartilage
30. Carotid sinus is supplied by which nerve? Glossopharyngeal nerve
31. Behind the neck of mandible carotid artery divides into? Superficial temporal and maxillary artery
32. Lingual artery is branch of which artery? External carotid artery 33. Lingual artery is crossed superficially by whichb nerve? Hypoglossal nerve
34. Occipital artery supplies???? Back of the scalp
35. Middle meningeal artery is branch of ? Maxillary artery
36. The haemorrhage caused by middle meningeal artery is which type? Extradural hemorrhage
37. Internal carotid arteries terminates as ? Anterior and middle cerebral arteries
38. The only blood supply to retina is ? Central retinal artery
39. The middle cerebral artery supplied all the motor area of cortex except? Leg area
40. Circle of willis lies in which space? Subarachnoid space
41. At the outer border of first rib subclavian artery continues as? Axillary artery
42. Which artery divides subclavian artery into 3 parts? Scalenus Anterior muscle
43. Name the branches of first part of subclavian artery? The vertebral artery, the thyrocervical trunk and the internal thoracic artery
44. Both vertebral arteries joins to form ? Basilar artery
45. Which nerve is closely related with sup thyroid artery?? External laryngeal nerve
46. Which artery is closely related with inf thyroid artery? Recurrent laryngeal nerve
47. Inferior parathyroid gland supplied by which artery? Inferior thyroid artery
48. Name the branches of third part of subclavian artery? No branches
49. Straight sinus is formed by the union of ? Inferior sagittal sinus and great cerebral vein
50. Right transverse sinus is the continuation Of the? Superior sagittal sinus
51. Internal jugular vein is continuation by which sinus? Sigmoid sinus
52. Which cranial nerve travels centrally through cavernous sinus? 6th cranial nerve
53. Name the valveless vein that passes through the skull bones? Emissary veins
54. Facial vein is formed by union of ? Supraorbital and supratrochlear veins
55. Retromandibular vein is formed by union of? Maxillary vein and superficial temporal vein
56. Maxillary vein is formed from which plexus? Pterygoid venous plexus
57. External jugular vein formed by union of? Posterior auricular vein and post division of retromandibular vein
58. Internal jugular vein is closely related with which lymph nodes? Deep cervical lymph node
59. Lymph drainage form the tip of the tongue is by? Sub Mental lymph node
60. Tonsils are drained by which node? Jugulodiagastric node
61. Olfactory bulb is connected tomthe olfactory area of cerebral cortex by? Olfactory tract
62. Optic nerve ends at? Optic chiasma
63. The nerve cells of the lateral geniculate body to the visual cortex of the cerebral hemisphere by forming ? Optic radiation
64. The most slender of cranial nerves is ? Trochlear nerve
65. Name the largest cranial nerve? Trigeminal nerve
66. Name the branches of ophthalmic nerve? Lacrimal , frontal and nasocilliary
67. The nasocilliary nerve continues as which nerve to enter the cranial cavity? Anterior ethmoidal artery
68. Maxillary nerve leaves the skull through which foramen? Foramen rutendum
69. Buccal nerve supplies ? The skin and mucous membrane of cheeks
70. Other name of sensory root of facial nerve is ? Nervus intermedius
71. Geniculate ganglion involve which cranial nerve? Facial nerve
72. Nerve to stapedius arise from which nerve? Facial nerve
73. Name the five terminal branches of facial expression? Temporal, zygomatic, buccal, mandibular and cervical
74. Vestibulocochlear nerve is which type of nerve? Sensory nerve 75. Vagus nerve leaves the skull through which foramen? Jugular foramen
76. Phayrngeal branch supplies all the muscles of the pharynx except?? Stylopharyngeus
77. Which nerve divides into internal and external laryngeal nerves? Superior laryngeal nerve
78. External laryngeal nerve is which type and supplies which muscle? Motor and supplies cricothyroid muscle
79. Recurrent laryngeal nerve on right side hooks around which artery? Subclavian artery
80. The cervical plexus is formed by the anterior rami of the root of ??? First four cervical spinal nerves
81. The only motor nerve supply to diaphragm is? Phrenic nerve
82. Cheek is formed by which muscle? Buccinator muscle
83. Posteriorly the roof is formed by? Soft palate
84. Surface of tongue is connected to the floor of mouth by? Frenulum of the tongue
85. Deciduous teeth are how many in number ? 20 number
86. Side of anterior two thirds of tongue drains into ? Submandibular lymph nodes
87. Posterior third of tongue is supplied by? Glossopharyngeal nerve 88. Depression of tongue is caused by which muscle? Hypoglossus muscle
89. Protrusion of tongue is done by? Genioglossus muscle
90. All extrinsic muscle supplied by hypoglossal nerve except? Palatoglossus
91. Name the largest salivery gland? Parotid gland
92. Parasympathetic nerve supply to submandibular gland is by which nerve? Facial nerve via corda tympani
93. All muscle of pharynx is supplied by pharyngeal plexus except? Stylopharyngeus
94. Sensory nerve supply to nasal pharynx is by? Maxillary nerve
95. Esophagus begins in the neck at the level of which cartilage? Cricoid cartilage
96. Superior meatus lies below which concha? Superior
97. Nasolacrimal duct open in which meatus? Inferio meatus
98. Maxillary sinus opens in which meatus ? Middle meatus
99. Name the largest cartilage of larynx? Thyroid cartilage
100. Rod shape cartilage of larynx is called? Cuneiform cartilage 101. Other name of false vocal cord is ? Vestibular fold
102. Vocal cords are of which color? White color
103. Tensing of the vocal cord is functiom of which muscle? Cricothyroid muscle
104. Relaxing of the vocal is function of which muscle? Thyroaretenoid muscle
105. Below the vocal fold sensory nerve supply is by? Recurrent laryngeal nerve
106. All inteinsic muscles are supplied by recurrent laryngeal nerve except? Cricothyroid muscle
107. Laterally the pituitary gland is related with? Cavernous sinus and its contents
108. Abducent nerve supply which muscle? Lateral rectus
109. Superior oblique is supplied by? Trochlear nerve
110. Medulla oblongata leaves the cranium through which foramen? Foramen magnum
REGARDS DR NOOR UL BASAR



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