Important Topics For FCPS Part 1 Dentistry

All u Want18

FCPS Part 1 exam is based on complicated course, by using the word of “complicated” i mean any question can come from anywhere because Medical field is so much wast that it can not be covered completely. It is like “to build a bridge over the sea”. But all this discussion is not to make people scared about exam of FCPS-1, by covering the basics and important topics it will be easier for candidates to go for exam with confidence.

Important topics of different subjects are given as,

ANATOMY:
Anatomy is further divided into 1) Gross Anatomy, 2) General Histology 3) Oral Histology and 4) Developmental Biology.

Gross Anatomy:
Most of Gross Anatomy comes from Head and Neck and in each exam most of the time and concentrations should be given to Head and Neck Anatomy as there are so many mcqs that come from it. In Head and Neck Anatomy the important topics are as follows,
CRANIUM, CRANIAL FOSSAE, FACE AND VISCEROCRANIUM, SCALP, MENINGES, PTERYGOID PLEXUS OF VEINS, VENTRICULAR SYSTEM, BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER, INTRACRANIAL CIRCULATION, ORAL CAVITY, TONGUE,PALATE, PHARYNX, LACRIMAL GLAND, MASTICATION, TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT (TMJ), CERVICAL VERTEBRAE, LAYERS AND FASCIA OF THE NECK, TRIANGLES OF THE NECK, SCM, TRAPEZIUS MUSCLES, HYOID BONE, SUPRA AND INFRAHYOID MUSCLES, CERVICAL PLEXUS (OF NERVES), CERVICAL PLEXUS, PHRENIC NERVE, BLOOD SUPPLY TO FACE, EXTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY, VENOUS DRAINAGE FROM THE FACE, LYMPH NODES IN THE FACE, THYROID, PARATHYROID GLANDS, LARYNX, RESPIRATORY SYSTEM, AXILLA, BRACHIAL PLEXUS, LIMB MUSCLES AND FUNCTIONS BY JOINT, STERNUM, CLAVICLE, RIBS, INTERCOSTAL SPACE, MUSCLES OF RESPIRATION, ABDOMINAL REGIONS, RECTUS SHEATH, BREAST, DERMATOMES, REFLEXES.

Thorax and Abdomen:
Very few questions come from Thorax and Abdomen. The easiest way to approach Thorax and Abdomen is first to do the mcqs related to Thorax and Abdomen so in this way the students can have an idea of which topics are to be covered. But still some important ones are,
BODY CAVITIES, LUNGS, HEART AND GREAT VESSELS, ATRIA, VENTRICLES, VEINS OF THE HEART, MEDIASTINUM, THYMUS, AORTA, AZYGOUS SYSTEM, SPLANCHNIC NERVES, SUPERIOR VENA CAVA, INFERIOR VENA CAVA, PORTAL VEIN, PORTAL TRIAD, LYMPHATIC SYSTEM, GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, STOMACH, LIVER, SPLEEN, PANCREAS, ADRENAL GLAND, URINARY SYSTEM, KIDNEY.

Neuroanatomy:
In Neuroanatomy the important topics are as follows,
NERVOUS SYSTEM, BRAIN, CRANIAL NERVES, SPINAL CORD, PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.

General Histology:
In General Histology the important topics are as follows,
Cell, PLASMA (CELL) MEMBRANE, CYTOPLASM, MEMBRANE-BOUND ORGANELLES, NON MEMBRANE-BOUND ORGANELLES, NUCLEUS, CELL SURFACE APPENDAGES, THE CELL CYCLE, CELL-TO-CELL CONTACTS, EPITHELIUM, FUNCTIONS OF EPITHELIUM, CLASSIFICATION OF EPITHELIUM, BASEMENT MEMBRANE, FUNCTIONS OF BASEMENT MEMBRANE, COMPONENTS OF BASEMENT MEMBRANE, CONNECTIVE TISSUE, CLASSIFICATION OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE, CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER, CONNECTIVE TISSUE ATTACHMENTS, CELLS OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE, GLANDULAR TISSUE, TYPES OF GLANDS, CLASSIFICATION OF EXOCRINE GLANDS, STRUCTURE OF SALIVARY GLANDS, CARTILAGE, CARTILAGE MATRIX, SURFACE OF CARTILAGE, GROWTH OF CARTILAGE, BONE, FUNCTIONS OF BONE, BONE MATRIX, BONE FORMATION, BONE GROWTH, TYPES OF BONE, BONE SURFACES, BONE MARROW, BONE REMODELING, FRACTURE REPAIR, CALCIUM REGULATION, JOINTS, CLASSIFICATION OF JOINTS, TYPES OF SYNOVIAL JOINTS, SYNOVIAL JOINT COMPONENTS,NERVOUS TISSUE, NEURONS, NEURON CLASSIFICATION, SYNAPSES, SUPPORTING CELLS, MYELINATION, BLOOD, FUNCTIONS,COMPONENTS, ERYTHROCYTES, LEUKOCYTES, HEMATOPOIESIS, CARDIO VASCULAR TISSUE, ARRANGEMENT OF BLOOD VESSELS IN CIRCULATION, LAYERS OF BLOOD VESSEL WALLS, LAYERS OF THE HEART, CARDIAC CONDUCTION, LYMPHATIC SYSTEM, LYMPH, FUNCTIONS OF THE LYMPHATIC SYSTEM, LYMPH DRAINAGE, ENDOCRINE Glands, PITUITARY GLAND (HYPOPHYSIS), THYROID GLAND, PARATHYROID GLANDS, PINEAL GLAND, ADRENAL (SUPRARENAL) GLANDS, RESPIRATORY SYSTEM, DIVISIONS, ALVEOLI, UPPER DIGESTIVE SYSTEM, ESOPHAGUS, STOMACH, SMALL INTESTINE, LARGE INTESTINE, GUT-ASSOCIATED LYMPHATIC TISSUE, LOWER DIGESTIVE SYSTEM, LIVER, PORTAL TRIAD, LIVER LOBULES, HEPATOCYTES, HEPATIC SINUSOIDS, BILIARY TREE, BILE COMPOSITION, GALL BLADDER, PANCREAS, EXOCRINE PANCREAS, ENDOCRINE PANCREAS, URINARY SYSTEM, COMPONENTS, COMPONENTS OF KIDNEYS, NEPHRON, INTEGUMENT, FUNCTIONS OF SKIN, LAYERS OF SKIN, HAIR, SEBACEOUS GLANDS.

Oral Histology:
Oral Histology is very important for Dentistry students, most of the histology questions come from Oral Histology. Important topics are as follows,
ORAL SOFT TISSUE, ORAL MUCOSA, GINGIVA, DENTOGINGIVAL JUNCTION, TOOTH AND SUPPORTING TISSUES, DENTIN, ENAMEL, PULP, CEMENTUM, ALVEOLAR BONE, PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.

Developmental Biology:

As far as developmental Biology is concerned the following topics are most important,
TOOTH DEVELOPMENT, EMBRYOLOGY OF THE FACE AND PHARYNGEAL ARCHES, BRANCHIAL ARCHES, PHARYNGEAL POUCHES, FORMATION OF THE FACE, MOUTH AND ORAL CAVITY.

General Embryology:

GAMETOGENESIS, EMBRYOLOGY OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.

Physiology and Bio-Chemistry:

Physiology section is of much importance, in fact Anatomy and Physiology is the most yielding subjects because many questions come from these two subjects. Important topics in Physiology and Biochemistry are given as Physical-Chemical Principles: Molecular Bonds Water CARBONIC ANHYDRASE * Laws of Thermodynamics Calorimetry Enzymology ENZYMES * ENZYME MECHANICS * ENZYME KINETICS ENZYME INHIBITION ENZYME REGULATION* Carbohydrates CARBOHYDRATE STRUCTURE * STORAGE OF POLYSACCHARIDES STRUCTURAL POLYSACCHARIDES BACTERIAL POLYSACCHARIDES ** COMPLEX CARBOHYDRATES SALIVA ** Proteins AMINO ACIDS ** PROTEIN STRUCTURE PHYSIOLOGICALLY RELEVANT PROTEINS * Lipids LIPID TRANSPORT LIPID STORAGE Metabolism RATE-LIMITING STEPS ATP Production * Carbohydrate Metabolism * Lipid Metabolism Protein Metabolism Bacterial Metabolism

Molecular Biology:

Nucleotides Base Pairing ORGANIZATION BIOSYNTHESIS Nucleic Acids DNA* RNA * DNA Organization NUCLEOSOMES* CHROMATIN * DNA Synthesis Transcription and Translation RNA SYNTHESIS (TRANSCRIPTION) PROTEIN SYNTHESIS (TRANSLATION) Mutations POINT MUTATIONS FRAMESHIFT MUTATIONS REPEAT MUTATIONS REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE * RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION * BLOTTING TECHNIQUES* Membranes: Plasma Membranes * Fluid Mosaic Model Membrane Components * LIPIDS PROTEINS CARBOHYDRATES Movement through Membranes MEMBRANE TRANSPORT * TRANSPORT PROTEINS * GLUCOSE TRANSPORTERS**

Physiology Section:

Neurophysiology Central Nervous System Peripheral Nervous System Autonomic Nervous System BRAIN * DIENCEPHALON * HYPOTHALAMUS ** HEAT REGULATION ** LIMBIC SYSTEM * Motor Control and Coordination BASAL GANGLIA * CEREBELLUM ** Brain stem MIDBRAIN (MESENCEPHALON) * PONS * MEDULLA OBLONGATA * Peripheral Nervous System Autonomic Nervous System AUTONOMIC GANGLIA * PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM ** SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM * Spinal Tracts * Somato sensory Pathways * SENSORY TRACTS (ASCENDING) DESCENDING MOTOR TRACTS (EFFERENT OR DESCENDING PATHWAYS) UPPER MOTOR NEURONS CORTICOSPINAL TRACT (PYRAMIDAL SYSTEM) EXTRAPYRAMIDAL SYSTEM Spinal Cord Lesions ** Neurophysiology* RESTING MEMBRANE POTENTIAL ACTION POTENTIAL REPOLARIZATION HYPERPOLARIZATION Local Anesthetics ** LOCAL ANESTHETICS Neurotransmitters * EXCITATORY INHIBITORY Summation SPATIAL SUMMATION TEMPORAL SUMMATION Nerve Conduction SALTATORY CONDUCTION PROBLEMS WITH NERVE CONDUCTION Synapse * NEURONAL EXCITABILITY TYPES OF SYNAPSE Neuromuscular Junction* ACETYLCHOLINE METABOLISM Special Senses VISION Hearing Taste ** Taste Buds** Smell SMELL PATHWAY

Muscle physiology: Muscle MAJOR CELLULAR COMPONENTS INNERVATION * Skeletal Muscle HISTOLOGY * CONNECTIVE TISSUE MOTOR INNERVATION CONTRACTION * CONTRACTION (TWITCH) SPEED FIBER TYPES SENSORY INNERVATION* SPINAL REFLEXES * Cardiac Muscle HISTOLOGY * INNERVATION * MUSCLE CONTRACTION * Smooth Muscle HISTOLOGY * INNERVATION* MUSCLE CONTRACTION*

Cardio vascular System: Blood Flow and Cardiodynamics BLOOD FLOW * RESISTANCE * PROPERTIES OF FLOW VELOCITY OF BLOOD FLOW * OXYGEN EXCHANGE Blood Volume Capacitance Total Peripheral Resistance* Blood Pressure* Determinants of Cardiac Function* CARDIAC OUTPUT** HEART RATE AND CONTRACTILITY VENOUS RETURN PRESSURE–VOLUME LOOP Electrophysiology * ELECTRICAL CONDUCTION OF THE HEART Electrocardiogram (ECG) * Regulatory Mechanisms** BAINBRIDGE REFLEX BARORECEPTORS CHEMORECEPTORS HORMONAL REGULATION SYSTEMS EXERCISE Hematocrit * Hemoglobin Concentration* Anemia ** CONSEQUENCES OF ANEMIA CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING CYANOSIS Erythropoietin * NEGATIVE FEEDBACK Coagulation and Hemostasis VIRCHOW’S TRIAD HEMOSTASIS * COAGULATION* Respiratory Physiology Lung Volumes * Lung Mechanics INSPIRATION * EXPIRATION * Gas Exchange in the Lungs* Hemoglobin** O2-HB DISSOCIATION CURVE ** BOHR EFFECT * HALDANE EFFECT * AMOUNT OF O2 IN BLOOD* CARBON DIOXIDE * HYPOXEMIA * HYPERCARBIA * HYPERVENTILATION * Respiratory Regulation RESPIRATORY DRIVE ACID–BASE BALANCE AND RESPIRATORY CHANGES * HERING–BREUER REFLEX (REFLEX TO PREVENT OVERINFLATION) ** PULMONARY CHEMOREFLEX HIGH ALTITUDE**

Renal, Fluid, and Acid–Base Physiology Body Fluid Distribution TOTAL BODY WATER * Fluid Movement STARLING FORCES BALANCE OF FLUIDS OSMOSIS * Edema ** VOLUME EXPANSION AND CONTRACTION Acid–Base Physiology:** HENDERSON–HASSELBALCH EQUATION ISOELECTRIC POINT ZWITTERIONS (DIPOLAR IONS) BUFFER CONTROL OF ACID–BASE BALANCE Urinary System AMMONIA * NEPHRON ** RENAL BLOOD SUPPLY FILTRATION * Countercurrent Mechanism COUNTERCURRENT EXCHANGE ** Effective Renal Plasma Flow Renal Blood Flow* Glomerular Filtration Rate* Renal Clearance * Hormonal Response to Volume Changes**

Gastrointestinal Physiology: Gastrointestinal System NERVOUS CONTROL * Gastric Secretions** STAGES OF GASTRIC SECRETION CHYME GI Contractions PERISTALSIS * SEGMENTATION (MIXING) TONIC CONTRACTIONS DIGESTION AND ABSORPTION * EXOCRINE PANCREAS ** BILE * Liver LIVER FUNCTIONS** CHOLESTEROL SYNTHESIS UREA CYCLE GLUCOSE METABOLISM * GLUCOSE * PROTEIN METABOLISM*

Nutrition:

Vitamins ** FAT-SOLUBLE VITAMINS WATER-SOLUBLE VITAMINS Minerals ** MAJOR MINERALS MINOR MINERALS

Endocrine Physiology:*** Hormone Types and Classification * STEROID HORMONES AMINE HORMONES PEPTIDE HORMONES Hormone Mechanisms SECOND MESSENGER ** Pituitary and Hypothalamus ** HYPOTHALAMUS PITUITARY GLAND HYPOTHALAMIC–PITUITARY ENDOCRINE ORGAN AXIS DIABETES INSIPIDUS SYNDROME OF INAPPROPRIATE ADH SECRETION (SIADH) SOMATOSTATIN SEX HORMONES PUBERTY Reproduction MENSTRUATION OOGONIA CORPUS LUTEUM Pancreas ** DIABETES MELLITUS DIABETES INSIPIDUS Adrenal Gland* ADRENAL CORTEX ADRENAL MEDULLA Thyroid Gland ** HYPOTHALAMIC–PITUITARY–THYROID AXIS NEGATIVE FEEDBACK LOOP THYROID GLAND HYPO- AND HYPERTHYROIDISM Calcium and Phosphorus Metabolism ** HORMONES AND CALCIUM REGULATION Hormones and the Kidney** ERYTHROPOIETIN ALDOSTERONE

Microbiology and Pathology:

Following topics are important in Microbiology and Pathology, General Microbiology CELL TYPES* MICROORGANISMS * INFECTIONS * Sterilization and Disinfection ** STERILIZATION DISINFECTION PASTEURIZATION SANITIZATION INFECTION CONTROL Bacteriology BACTERIA * PATHOGENESIS * BACTERIAL VIRULENCE FACTORS CLASSIFICATION * MEDICALLY RELEVANT BACTERIA * GRAM-NEGATIVE BACTERIA * BACTERIAL VACCINES * ANTIBIOTIC DRUGS ** Virology VIRUSES * PATHOGENESIS CLASSIFICATION HEPATITIS VIRUSES ** VIRAL VACCINES ** ANTIVIRAL DRUGS ** BACTERIOPHAGES (PHAGES) ** LYSOGENIC CONVERSION PRIONS Mycology FUNGI * PATHOGENESIS CLASSIFICATION* ANTIFUNGAL DRUGS ** Parasitology PARASITES Oral Microbiology And Pathology: Oral Microbiology ** PLAQUE * CALCULUS * MATERIA ALBA *

Oral Pathology:

CARIES ** PLAQUE-INDUCED GINGIVITIS * CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS AGGRESSIVE PERIODONTITIS NECROTIZING PERIODONTAL DISEASES * CANDIDIASIS * Plaque Control ** MECHANICAL CHEMICAL Reactions to Tissue Injury: Inflammation and Repair CELL INJURY ** CELL DEATH ** INFLAMMATION ** INFLAMMATORY MEDIATORS ** WOUND REPAIR**

Immunology and Immunopathology:

Immunology THE IMMUNE SYSTEM CELL-MEDIATED VS ANTIBODY-MEDIATED IMMUNITY * CELLULAR COMPONENTS OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM * OPSONIZATION AND PHAGOCYTOSIS * IMMUNOGLOBULINS (ANTIBODIES)* COMPLEMENT * TRANSPLANTATION HYPERSENSITIVITY** Immunopathology IMMUNODEFICIENCY DISEASES ** AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES**

Systemic Pathology:

Developmental Pathology TERATOGENESIS * CHROMOSOMAL ABNORMALITIES * LYSOSOMAL STORAGE DISEASES* CHILDHOOD GENETIC DISORDERS

Dermatopathology:

DISORDERS OF SKIN PIGMENTATION * SKIN INFECTIONS IMMUNOLOGIC SKIN LESIONS* BENIGN (NONNEOPLASTIC) SKIN LESIONS *

Cardiovascular Pathology:

EDEMA* SHOCK * CONGESTION (HYPEREMIA)* THROMBOSIS * EMBOLUS * PHLEBITIS * ARTERIOSCLEROSIS*HYPERTENSION * AORTIC ANEURYSM AORTIC DISSECTION RHEUMATIC FEVER * CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE * HEART FAILURE * CV PULMONARY CROSS-CORRELATION

Respiratory Pathology:

ASTHMA ** CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE (COPD)** BRONCHIECTASIS ATELECTASIS PNEUMOCONIOSES SARCOIDOSIS IDIOPATHIC PULMONARY FIBROSIS PNEUMONIA * LUNG ABSCESS * TUBERCULOSIS (TB) **

Gastrointestinal Pathology:

ESOPHAGUS * STOMACH SMALL AND LARGE INTESTINES PANCREAS * LIVER DISEASE **

Genitourinary Pathology:

NEPHROLITHIASIS PYELONEPHRITIS DIABETES INSIPIDUS POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASE (PCKD) MEDULLARY CYSTIC DISEASE MEDULLARY SPONGE KIDNEY NEPHROSCLEROSIS ARTERIOSCLEROSIS NEPHROTIC SYNDROME ** GLOMERULONEPHROPATHIES *

Blood–Lymphatic Pathology:

ANEMIA ** ERYTHROCYTES AND POLYCYTHEMIA* BLEEDING PROBLEMS * DISORDERS IN PRIMARY HEMOSTASIS * QUANTITATIVE PLATELET DEFICIENCIES * QUALITATIVE PLATELET PROBLEMS * DISORDERS IN SECONDARY HEMOSTASIS *

Endocrine Pathology:***

ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE (VASOPRESSIN) DEFICIENCY INSULIN DEFICIENCY INCREASED GROWTH HORMONE THYROID HORMONE PARATHYROID HORMONE CORTISOL

Muscoloskeletal Pathology: COLLAGEN VASCULAR DISEASES OSSEOUS PATHOLOGY** ARTHRITIS

Neuropathology: NEUROLOGIC TRAUMA* NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASES * MYASTHENIA GRAVIS* Neoplasia:* Dysplasia * Metaplasia *

Neoplasms*

INVASION AND METASTASIS ** Malignant Tumors** CARCINOMA SARCOMA Benign Tumors** PAPILLOMA ADENOMA BENIGN TUMORS OF MESENCHYMAL ORIGIN CHORISTOMA HAMARTOMA MYXOMA APUDOMA TERATOMA Mutations and Carcinogenesis RADIOSENSITIVITY Neoplasia in Children NEUROBLASTOMA RHABDOMYOSARCOMA




Neoplasia in Men PROSTATE CANCER BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA Neoplasia of the Nervous System Neoplasia of the Skin BENIGN SKIN NEOPLASMS Malignant Skin Neoplasms ** SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA (OF THE SKIN) KERATOACANTHOMA MALIGNANT MELANOMA Lung Cancer BRONCHOGENIC CARCINOMA Gastrointestinal Cancer ESOPHAGEAL CANCER GASTRIC CANCER COLORECTAL CANCER MULTIPLE POLYPOSIS SYNDROMES *

Neoplasia of the Genitourinary System:

RENAL CELL CARCINOMA BLADDER CANCER

Neoplasia of the Blood and Lymphatic Systems **

LEUKEMIA LYMPHOMAS MULTIPLE MYELOMA AMYLOIDOSIS HISTIOCYTOSISX

Neoplasia of the Adrenal Gland **

ADRENAL MEDULLA PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA NEUROBLASTOMA

Neoplasia of Bone **

OSTEOSARCOMA CHONDROSARCOMA MALIGNANT GIANT CELL TUMOR

Bone Tumors of Non-osseous Origin**

EWING’S SARCOMA FIBROSARCOMA CHORDOMA

Tooth Morphology: Dental Anatomy

CLASSIFICATION OF DENTITIONS * DENTAL ANATOMIC TERMINOLOGY * INNERVATION * BLOOD SUPPLY * Permanent Tooth Form GENERAL CONCEPTS * MAXILLARY PERMANENT TEETH * MANDIBULAR PERMANENT TEETH*

Primary (Deciduous) Tooth Form

GENERAL CONCEPTS * MAXILLARY PRIMARY TEETH MANDIBULAR PRIMARY TEETH

Dental Anatomy

CLASSIFICATION OF DENTITIONS * DENTAL ANATOMIC TERMINOLOGY * INNERVATION * BLOOD SUPPLY *

Permanent Tooth Form

GENERAL CONCEPTS * MAXILLARY PERMANENT TEETH MANDIBULAR PERMANENT TEETH Primary (Deciduous) Tooth Form GENERAL CONCEPTS * MAXILLARY PRIMARY TEETH MANDIBULAR PRIMARY TEETH Calcification and Eruption: Definitions and General Concepts DEFINITIONS GENERAL CONCEPTS * Primary (Deciduous) Dentition * Mixed Dentition* Permanent Dentition*

Occlusion and Function:

Occlusal Terminology* OCCLUSAL RELATIONSHIPS * Mandibular Movements FACTORS OF MANDIBULAR MOVEMENT * MANDIBULAR POSITIONS * POSSELT’S ENVELOPE OF MOTION* MANDIBULAR MOVEMENT AND GUIDANCE OCCLUSAL INTERFERENCES * CONDYLAR MOVEMENTS * OCCLUSAL MUSCULATURE AND LIGAMENTS

Tooth Anomalies:

Developmental Anomalies** SIZE NUMBER MORPHOLOGY Acquired Anomalies * DENTAL INJURIES

Pharmacology:

Following are the topics to be covered for pharma.

General Principles Autonomic Agents that affect Neurotransmitter release and uptake CNS Drugs Anxiolytic and Hypnotic Drugs Antidepressent Antimicrobials Antibiotics Antifungal Antiviral Hiv Therapy Endocrine Diabetes Drugs Hyperthyroidism Steroid Therapy Analgesics NSAIDs Opoids Anti histamins Autocoids Local Anesthetics General Anesthesia

Oral Pathology:

As far as Oral Pathology is concerned followings are the important topics

Tooth Abnormilities:
Abrasions, Atrition, Erosion Amelogenesis Imperfecta Ankylosis Dens Invaginatus Dentine Dysplasia Dentinogenesis Imperfecta Hypercementosis Internal and External Root Resorption Tooth Staining

Genetic Jaw Disease Clefting Cleidocranial Dysplasia Cherubism Metabolic Jaw Disease Osteoporosis Osteogenesis Imperfecta Inflammatory Jaw Lesions Periapical Abscess Periapical Granuloma Osteomyelitis Condensing Osteitis Connective Tissue Lesions Pyogenic Granuloma Peripheral Giant Cell Granuloma Peripheral Osifying Fibroma Oral Pigmented Lesions Amalgam tattoos Acquires Nevi Blue Navus Malignent Melanoma Disease with Oral Pigmentation Peutz jeghers Syndrome Addisons Disease McCune-Albright Syndrome Red and Blue Lesions Erythroplakia Median Rhomboid Glossitis Hereditary Hemorhagic Telangectasia Hemangioma White Lesions Leukoplakia White Sponge Nevus Hairy Tongue Oral Candidiasis Verrucal Papillary Lesions Papilloma Verruca Vulgaris Veruciform Xanthoma Inflammatory Papillary Hyperplasia Inflammatory Fibrous Hyperplasia Odontogenic Cysts Eruption cyst Dentigerous Cyst Odontogenic Keratosis Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Periapical Cyst Non Odontogenic Cysts Developmental Cyst Congenital Cyst Pseudocysts Traumatic Bone Cyst Aneurysm Bone Cyst Vesiculobullous Disease Aphthous Ulcers Pemphigus Vulgaris Pemphigoid Lichen Planus Erythema Multiforme Infectious Vesiculobullous Disease Group A Coxsackievirus Acute Herpatic Gingivostomatitis Varicella Zoster Infectious Diseases Actinomycosis Histoplasmosis Syphilis Benign Neoplasm and Tumors Traumatic Neuroma Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Neurilemoma Neurofibroma Neurofibromatosis Type 1 Fibroma Congenital Epulis of the Newborn Lipoma Osteoma Central Giant Cell Granuloma Fibrous Diseases Ossifying Fibroma Fibrous Dysplasia Cemento-Oseous Dysplasia Disease of the Bone Langerhans cell histiocytosis Malignancies affecting the Jaws Multiple Myeloma Squamous Cell Carcinoma Verrucous Carcinoma Proliferative Verrucous Leukoplakia Ewings Sarcoma Osteosarcoma Kaposi Sarcoma Odontogenic Tumors Ameloblastoma Odontogenic Myxoma Odontogenic Fibroma Cementoblastoma

Dental Materials:

Properties used to Characterize Materials** Gypsum Products for Dental Casts** Waxes Investments and Refractory Dies* Metals and Alloys* Gold and Alloys of Noble Metals* Base Metal Casting Alloys Casting* Steel and Wrought Alloys* Ceramics and Porcelain Fused to Metal (PFM)* Synthetic Polymers* Denture Base Polymers* Denture Lining Materials Impression Materials, Classification and Requirements** Non-elastic Impression Materials* Elastic Impression Materials: Hydrocolloids* Elastic Impression Materials: Synthetic Elastomers Direct Filling Materials* Dental Amalgam** Resin-based Filling Materials* Adhesive Restorative Materials: Bonding of Resin-based Materials* Glass Ionomer Restorative Materials* Resin-modified Glass lonomers and Related Materials Temporary Crown and Bridge Resins Requirements of Dental Cements for Lining, Base and Luting Applications Cements Based on Phosphoric Acid* Cements Based on Organometallic Chelate Compounds* Polycarboxylates, Glass Ionomers and Resin-modified Glass Ionomers for Luting and Lining*.

You may also like to read

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *