FCPS Part 1 ophthalmology MCQs

1.The most common retrobulbar orbital mass in adults is:

A. Neurofibroma
B. Meningioma
C. Cavernous hemangioma ans
D. Schwannoma
2.Which one of the following stromal dystrophy is a recessive condition?

A. Lattice dystrophy
B, Granular dystrophy
C. Macular dystrophy ans
D. Fleck dystrophy

The most common second malignancy in survivors of retinoblastoma is:

A. Thyroid cancer
B. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma
C. Optic glioma
D. Osteosarcoma ans

Horner’s syndrome is characterized by all of the following except:

A. Miosis
B. Enopthalmos
C. Ptosis
D. Cycloplegia ans •
All of the following are involved in endophthalmitis except?

A. Retina
B. Vitreous
C. Sclera ans
D. Uvea
Regarding Schlems canal

a. drains into venous plexus
b. direct continuation with trabecular meshwork
c. post to scleral spur i think
d. not lined with endothelium
which event occurs in 8th month

a. hyaloid artery degenrate
b. lids begin to seprate
c. pupillary membrane disappaers ans check it

bruch membrane is present between

a. scelera and choroid
b. choroid and retina ans
Upper Lid supplied by

a. Supra trochlear N ans
b. Anterior ethmiodal N
Which is not conjuctival gland

a. wolfring
b. Ans..all rest are its glands
c. krause
d. . goblet
e. layers of hanle

Farmers lung can be caused by

a. cotton fibers
b. asbestos
c. sugar cane dust ans
A garderner after having spray of individual present with excessive sweating, salivation, increase temp, what should be given ?

a. Atropine ans
b. nikethamide
On gonioscopy following structures are visible

A. Most anterior is bowmans layer
B. Next is trabecular meshwork
C. Next scleral spur
D. Next ciliary body
E. And lastly iris recess check it

The commonest cause of cataract is

A. trauma
B. diabetes
C. hypo-parathyroidism
D. TORCH infections
E. old age ans
A patient presents with red eye, decreased visual acuity, raised Intraocular pressure & shallow anterior chamber. The likely diagnosis is

A. cataract
B. open angle glaucoma
C. retinal detachment
D. hyphema
E. acute angle closure glaucoma ans
An 18 year old boy comes to the eye casuality with history of injury with a tennis ball. On examination there is no perforation but there is hyphaema. The most likely source of the blood is

A. Iris vessels
B. Circulus iridis major ans
C. Circulus iridis minor
D. Short posterior ciliary vessels
A 25 year old male gives history of sudden painless loss of vision in one eye for the past 2 weeks. There is no history of trauma. On examination the anterior segment is normal but there is no fundal glow. Which one of the following is the most likely cause?

A. Vitreous haemorrhage ans
B. Optic atrophy
C. Developmental cataract
D. Acute attack of angle closure glaucoma
Enlarged corneal nerves may be seen in all of the following except:

A. Keratoconus
B. Herpes simplex keratitis ans
C. Leprosy
D. Neurofibromatosis enlarged corneal nerves can b seen in….keratoconus,multiple myeloma,leprosy,neurofibromatosis,MEN 2a 2b…….so ans is B
The mother of a one and a half year old child gives history of a white reflex from one eye for the past 1 month. On computed tomography scan of the orbit there is calcification seen within the globe. The most likely diagnosis is:

A. Congenital cataract
B. Retinoblastoma ..ans
C. Endophtalmitis
D. Coats disease
Not an action of bradykinin?

A. Bronchodilation ans
B. Vasodilatation
C. Pain
D. Increase in vascular permeability
The commonest painless lid swelling is

a. stye
b. cyst of moll
c. cyst of zeis
d. nternal hordeolum
e. Chalazion ans
The first line of treatment in chemical injury is

A. admission if severe
B. topical antibiotics
C. topical cycloplegia
D. neutralization of pH by irrigation ans
E. oral analgesia
magnocellular lamina of lgb is

a) area 1,2 ans
b) area 3,4
c) area 5,6
d) area 7,8

( Past paper )
most longest intracranial course of motor nerve

a) 3rd
b) 4th
c) 6th ans
d) 11th
e) 12th

( past paper)
sensory supply of cornea

a) long ciliary nerve ans
b) short ciliary nerve
c) supra orbital nerve
d) lacrimal nerve

Which of the recti is supplied by 3 arteries

a) SR
b) IR ans
c) MR
d) LR

(Past paper)
All recti are supplied by 2 muscular arteries from ant. ciliary except

a) SR
b) IR
c) MR
d) LR ans

(past paper)
Which of the following produce most severe papilledema

a) pituitary tumor
b) tumor of frontal lobe
c) tumor of post fossa ans
d) malignant melanoma
e) melanocytoma

( Past paper)
which type of collegen is not found in vitreous

a) 2
b) 4 ans
c) 5
d) 11

( past paper)
mmp-9 is formed by

a) corneal epithelium ans
b) corneal bowmans layer
c) corneal stroma
d) corneal endothelium

sclera is weakest

a) ant pole
b) post pole
c) just post to recti insertion ans
d) lamina cribrosa

( past paper)
Corneal nerves appear at which age of embryonic life

a) 3 months
b) 5 months ans
c) 7 months
d) 9 months

{past paper}
The optic nerve is derived from what embryonic tissue?

A. neural crest
B. head mesenchyme
C. endoderm
D. mesoderm
E. Ectoderm ans

Of the following the one most closely associated with the ligamentum teres hepatis is:

A. umbilical vein ans
B. umbilical artery
C. vitelline vein
D. 3rd aortic arch
E. 6th aortic arch
Which of the following are associated with the 2nd pharyngeal arch?

A. the malleus bone
B. facial nerve ans
C. glossopharyngeal muscle
D. the lower portion of the hyoid bone
E. anterior belly of digastric
Of the following, the one mostclosely associated with the cerebrum is:
A. Telencephalon ans
B. diencephalon
C. mesencephalon
D. metencephalon
E. myelencephalon
Of the following, the one mostclosely associated with the 3rd ventricle is:

A. telencephalon
B. Diencephalon ans
C. mesencephalon
D. metencephalon
E. myelencephalon
Cerebrospinal fluid:

A. is produced in choroid plexuses
B. circulates in the ventricular system of the brain and in the subarachnoid spaces
C. re-enters the venous blood at the arachnoid
D. granulations
E. blockage of its circulation can lead to internal or external hydrocephalus
F. all of the above are correct… ans
The notochord is replaced by the:

A. ependyma
B. nucleus pulposus ans
C. spinal canal
D. dorsal roots
E. spinal cord
Failure of the brain to grow may result in:

A. plagiocephaly
B. craniostenosis
C. acrocephaly
D. scaphocephaly
E. Microcephaly ans
Optic Nerve originate from

A. Endoderm
B. Surface Ectoderm
C. Neuroectoderm ans
D. Neural crest
E. Mesoderm
Which of following is Mesodermal in origin

A. Lens
B. Retina
C. Melanocytes
D. Iris stroma ans
E. Optic Nerve
Which is not Endodermal in origin ?

A. Trachea
B. Hepatocytes
C. Bone ans
D. Thyroid follicular cells
E. Urinary bladder
Muscle controlling pupil arises from

A. Ectoderm ans
B. Endoderm
C. Mesoderm
D. None f above

Lens develops from

A. Neural ectoderm
B. Surface ecoderm ans
C. Optic vesicle
D. All f above
18. Patient dvlpd signs of 3rd 4rth 8th cranial nrv lesion wher is lesn in brain?

A.cerebelopntine angle
16. Binocularty can b seen by?

A.biomicroscop
b.ophthlmscp c.synaptophore ans d. Retinoscope ans
15. Acustc neuroma
arise 4m

a.facial nrv
b.coclear fibr ov 8th ans
c.vestrbulr fibr of 8th
14. Whch is nt part of hind brain

A.pons
b.cerebelum
c.thlmus ans
d.medula
e.4rt ventrcl
13. Muscle z strchd whch fibr mentain?

A.golgi tendon
b.muscle spindl ans??
7. Sudden painless blindness cause ???CRAO
6. Anterioposterior diameter of globe

a. 10-14 ???
b. 15-24
6. epithelium of cornea???stratified squamous
5. lens devloped from ??ectoderm
4. sphincter and dilator pupil muscle from ??? neuroectoderm
which nerve palsy does nt produce ptosis ??? CN6
volume of viterous ???4

Why Pupil constricted in iridocyvlitis??? prostaglandins
71) what is not part of bruch membrane
a) choroidal capillaries ans
b) basement membrane of choroidal capillaries
c) B.M. of RPE
d) outer collagen layer
e)elastic layer

72) loss of 2 point discrimination, vibration of ryt lower limb…problem with
a) fasciculus gracilus ans
b) fasciculus cuneatus…
72)

73) on gonioscopy which cnt b seen
a) trabecular meshwork
b) schwabe line
c) scleral spur
d) aqeous vein ans
e) ciliary body

74) viridian associated with
a) biotin ans
b) b12
c) vit c
d) vit D
e) riboflavin

75) Which of the following don’t release in stress
a. ADH
b. Aldosterone
c. Cortisol
d. GH
e. Insuline ans

76) Dopamine leads to
a. Inhibition of GH
b. Inhibition of prolactin ans
c. Inhibition of GnRH

77) Which of the following is associated superior to origin of lateral rectus
a. Sup ophthalmic vein
b. Lacrimal nerve ans
c. Occulumotor nerve
d. Nasociliary nerve
e. Abducent nerve

78) Which of the following passes from cavernous sinus
a. 6th nerve ans
b. 4th nerve
c. 3rd nerve

79) Rods and cones contain discs, btw disc the area is filled with
a. GAG
b. Visual pigment ans
c.micro villi

80) Wilson disease leads to
a. Cataract
b. Kf ring ans

( Past paper )

59) which lesion leads to contralateral temporal crescent defect
a) strial cortex
b) lgb
c) ant aspect of calcarine sulcus ans
d) posterolateral portion of occipital lobe

60) magnocellular lamina of lgb is
a) area 1,2 ans
b) area 3,4
c) area 5,6… See More
61) smallest portion of optic nerve is
a) intra ocular ans
b) intra orbital
c) intra canalicular
d) intra cranial

62) which is the myelinated portion of intra ocular portion of optic nerve
a) optic disc
b) pre laminar
c) laminar
d) retro laminar ans

63) tensor veli palatini is supplied by
a) nerve to medial pterygoid ans
b) nerve to lateral pterygoid
c) nerve to tensor veli
d) lingual nerve

64) Which of the following cranial nerve has same component like 10th nerve
a) 5th
b) 7th
c) 9th ans
d) 11th

65) transitional epithelium of
bladder is derived from
a) ecto derm
B) endoderm ans
c) mesoderm

66) epithelium of eye lids
a) ectoderm ans
b) endoderm
c) mesoderm
d) ecto + meso
e) endo Meso

67) pigment cells derived from
a) surface ectoderm
b) neuro ectoderm
c) neural crest ans
d) mesoderm
e) endoderm

68) lens capsule is most thinnest at
a) ant pole
b) post pole ans
c) equator

69) which reflex involves cortex
a) accommodation ans
b) direct light
c) indirect light

70) regarding eye ball movement???
a) prsuit movements only occur during reading
b)fixation and refixation of eye
C) MLF ans
60)

39) which type of collegen is not found in vitreous
a) 2
b) 4 ans
c) 5
d) 11

40) Which of the following produce most severe papilledema
a) pituitary tumor
b) tumor of frontal lobe
c) tumor of post fossa. ans.. See More
50) all recti are supplied by 2 muscular arteries from ant. ciliary except
a) SR
b) IR
c) MR
d) LR ans

51) effect of exercise on aqueous production
a) inc formation
b) dec formation ans??
c) no effect

52) which of the following structure cross the optic nerve below it 12 mm behind globe
a) nerve to inf oblique
b) ophthalmic artery ans
c) nasociliary nerve
d) nerve to inf rectus

53) which of the recti is supplied by 3 arteries
a) SR
b) IR ans??
c) MR
d) LR

54) pie in the sky, lesion wld be in
a) calcarine sulcus
b) area 17
c) mayers loop ans
d) LGB

55) sensory supply of cornea
a) long ciliary nerve ans
b) short ciliary nerve
c) supra orbital nerve
d) lacrimal nerve

56) most common congenital nerve lesion
a) 3rd
b) 4th
c) 6th ans????

57) most longest intracranial course of motor nerve
a) 3rd
b) 4th ans
c) 6th
d) 11th
e) 12th

58) most inferiorly located motor nerve of eye
a) 3rd
b) 4th
c) 6th ans
40)
strongest margin of orbit

a) medial
b) lateral ans
c) superior
d) inferior

corneal nerves appear at which age of embryonic life

a) 3 months
b) 5 months ans
c) 7 months
d) 9 months

optic nerve colobomas are usually

a) infro temporal
b) infro nasal for iris colobomas
c) supro temporal
d) supro nasal ans
Which of the following is site of fusion of binocular vision

A) Optic nerve
B) Optic chiasma
C) Lgb
D) Retina
E) Visual cortex ans

a young patient is complaining of dry eye…which of the following structure is involved

a) ciliary ganglion
b) lacrimal gland
c) otic ganglion
d) pterygopalatine ganglion ans

(Past Paper)
In adie’s pupil, lesion is at

a) ciliary ganglion ans
b) optic nerve
c) pretectal nucleus
d) edwinger westphal nucleus

(Past Paper)
Which extraocular muscle has longest tendon?

a) superior rectus
b) inferior rectus
c) medial rectus
d) lateral rectus ans

(Past Paper)
Which is largest extraocular muscle?

a) superior rectus
b) inferior rectus
c) medial rectus ans
d) lateral rectus

(Past Paper)
what is the volume of orbit?

a) 10 ml
b) 20 ml
c) 30 ml ans
d) 40 ml

(Past Paper)

All branches of Anterior division on mandibular nerve are motor except

a) buccal ans
b) lateral pterygoid
c masseteric
d) deep temporal

(Past Paper)
Post ganglionic fibres of which ganglion supply lacrimal gland

a) ciliary
b) semilunar
c) mackel ans
d) otic

( Past paper)
Which of the following layer of cornea can regenerate

a) bowmans layer
b) stroma
c) descement membrane ans
d) endothelium

( Past Paper)

Epithelium of lacrimical canaliculi is

a. Simple squamous
b. Simple cuboidal
c. Simple columnar
d. Stratified columnar
e. Stratified squamous ans

( Past Paper)
lacrimal nerve is made up of

a) sensory fibres
b) parasympathetic fibres
c) sympathetic fibres
d) sensory + motor
e) sensory + sympathetic + parasympathetic ans

(Past Paper)
A patient having opacity in media

a) Corneal dystrophy
b) Macular degeneration
c) Vitreous haemorrhage
d) cataract ans

( Past paper)
Irrigular constricted pupil which don’t respond to light

a. Artificial pupil
b. Argyl robertson pupil ans
c. Adies pupil
d. Horner syndrome

( Past Paper )
If light reaction is absent but accomudation is positive the lesion is in

a. Optic nerve
b. Optic chiasma
c. Optic tract
d. Pretectal necleus ans
e. Edwinger westphall necleus

( Past paper )

Retina is thickest

a. Above optic disc ??
b. Below optic disc
c. Orra serrata
d. Equator??

( Past paper )
Epithelium of mebimian gland duct is

a. Simple squamous
b. Simple cuboidal ???
c. Simple columnar
d. Stratified columnar
e. Stratified cuboidal

( past Paper )
Sphincter and dilator puillae are originated from

a. Mesoderm
b. Ectoderm ans
c. Neural crest
d. endoderm

(past paper)
Imp buffer in interstitial fluid

a. H2CO3 ans
b. Hb
c. plasma pr.
d. PO4
TRANSPARENCY OF CORNEA IS MAINTAINED BY?

a. Lattice arrangement of collagen fibres ans
b. Tears
c. Endothelium

Miosis of pupil

a. comfortable for night drive
b. inc chromatic aberration
c. inc spherical aberrations
d. inc depth of focus ans

lateral inhibition is done by

a. amacrine cells
b. horizontal cells ans
c. bipolar cells
d. ganglion cells

( Past Paper)
which of the following abt sclera is incorrect

a. it is thinnest at macula ans
b. its max thickness is 1mm

( past paper)
1. Ophthalmic Artery

a. 1st branch of ICA as it emerges from cavernous sinus ans
b. Cross from medial to lateral side of ophthalmic nerve
c. Ends by dividing into supra & infra orbital artery

(past paper)

The mother of a one and a half year old child gives history of a white reflex from one eye for the past 1 month. On computed tomography scan of the orbit there is calcification seen within the globe. The most likely diagnosis is

A. Congenital cataract
B. Retinoblastoma ans
C. Endophtalmitis
D. Coats disease
The commonest cause of cataract is

a.trauma
b.diabetes
c.hypo-parathyroidism
d.TORCH infections
e.old age ans
The commonest painless lid swelling is

a.stye
b.cyst of moll
c.cyst of zeis
d.internal hordeolum
e.chalazion ans
The most commont cause of proptosis is

a.orbital infection
b.orbital hemorrhage
c.orbital tumor
d.orbital pseudo-tumor
e.thyroid ophthalmopathy ans
In blow out fracture the commonest bone to fracture is

a.maxillary (floor) ans
b.zygomatic (lateral wall)
c.lachrimal (medial wall)
d.frontal (roof)
e.ethmoidal (medial wall)
Loss of lacrimation ( dry eye ) due to injury to which nerve?

A. Nasociliary
B. Greater petrosal ans
C. Supraorbital
D. Anterior ethmoid
E. Lesser petrosal
HIV diagnosis is through

A- western blot ans
B- Elisa
C- CD count >300
In a healthy, alert adult sitting with the eyes closed, the dominant EEG rhythm observed with electrodes over the occipital lobes is
a. delta (0.5-4 Hz)
b. theta (4-7 Hz)
c. alpha (8-13 Hz) ans
d. beta (18-30 Hz)
e. fast, irregular low-voltage activity
Dopamine leads to

a. Inhibition of GH
b. Inhibition of prolactin ans
c. Inhibition of GnRH
Which of the following is a hormone as well as neurotransmitter

a) vasopressin ans
b) adrenaline ans more ppl
c) acetylcholine
d) serotonin
e) histamine
Strongest margin of orbit

a) medial
b) lateral ans
c) superior
d) inferior
In the retina self propagating action potential is generated in

a. Amacrine
b. Bipolar
c. Ganglion ans
d. Horizontal
e. Muller
what is the volume of orbit?
a) 10 ml
b) 20 ml
c) 30 ml ans
d) 40 ml
post gabglionic fibres of which ganglion supply lacrimal gland
a) ciliary
b) semilunar
c) mackel ans
d) otic
Hormone required for brain development

A. Thyroid hormone ans
B. Growth hormone
C. Cortisol
D. Androgen
E. Insulin
Regarding counseling, when done to pts, is good for
a. Their friends
b. Family members
c. Other pts
d. Themselves ans
Hypoxia causes vasoconstriction in
a. Pulmonary vasculature ans
b. Heart
c. Brain
d. Kidney
46. Most agressive tumor in behavior

a. Basal cell Ca
b. Squamous cell Ca
c. Melonoma ans
d. Sarcoma
41. Graft between geneticaly identical individual … identical twin

a. are rejected slowy as a result of minor HLA antigens
b. are subject to hyperacute rejection
c. are not rejected even without imunosupression ans
d. are not rejected if a kidney is grafted but skin grafted is rejected
e. require imunosupressive drugs
39. vomiting centre is located in

a. cerebral cortex
b. cervical spinal cord
c. hypothalmus
d. Meduala ans
e. thalmus

33. eye closed … alpha waves…. when open eye

a. changes waves …. beta

not remeber exctly
31. which of following artries supply the primary visual area in the cerebrum

a. ACA
b. MCA
c. MMA
d. PCA ans
e. SCA

30. A doctor adimitted a preganant patient is obs ward who consumed alcohol durning this prganancy … dr expecting baby which organ would b likely affected

a. Brain ans
b. eye
c. heart
d. intestine
e. limbs
13. orbital cellulitis may spread to cavernus sinus via

a. superior ophthalmic vein. ans
b.supra orbital vein
2. down syndrome
a. trisomy 13
b. tiasomy 18
c. trisomy 21 ans
d. trisomy 23
When both vegi are cut, respiratory rate

A. Increase
B. Decrease ans??
C. Ceases
D. Remain constant
E. Becomes unresponsive to change in blood chemistry
Action of Gastrin is

A. Prolong gastric emtying time
B. Gallbladder contraction
C. Relax sphincter of Oddi
D. Increase growth of gastrc mucosa ans
E. All of above
Regarding autonomic centers, inapropriate is

A. Respiratory center – medulla
B. Micturition center – midbrain
C. Thirst center – hypothalmus
D. Vomiting center – pons wrond so its ans
E. Food center – hypothalmus
Hemoglobin-O2 dissociation curve shift to left in

A. Increase temp
B. Increase in Pco2
C. Decrease pH
D. Fetal hemoglobin ans
E. High altitude
Pain mediator is

a. C3a
b. LTB4
c. Histamine
d. Bradykinin ans
e. serotonin
which is not feature of background retinopathy

a. Blot hemorrhage
b. Soft exudate
c. venous beading ans
d. capillary microaneurysms
e. macular edema

Flame shaped hemorrhage occurs in

a. Hypertension
b. Papilledema
c. Central vein obstruction
d. Retinopathy
e. All of above ..ans ??
Which is not feature of premature retinopathy

a. premature infants
b. cause of excessive oxygen after birth
c. cryotherapy is beneficial
d. retinal detachment will not occur ANS
e. none of above
Cause of intracranial Haemorrhage include

a. Berry aneurysm ans
b. Tumors of brain
c. Infarction
d. Alzehmiers disease
e. All of above
Child is complaining of night blindness. cause is

a. cataract
b. optic atrophy
c. glaucoma
d. keratinization of epithelium
e. vit A def ans
Deficiency of zinc produces all except

a. Stomatitis
b. Dysgeusia
c. Alopecia
d. Abnormal cardiac function ans
e. Impaired wound healing
Which Muscle has longest tendon

a. medial rectus
b. lateral rectus ans ??
c. superior rectus??
d. inferior rectus
e. inferior oblique
Which Muscle is largest

a. medial rectus ans
b. lateral rectus
c. superior rectus
d. superior oblique
e. inferior oblique
Regarding Sclera

A. Stroma is rich blood supply
B. Opacity f sclera is due to regular arrangment of collagen fibrils
C. Water content b/w 65-70% ans
D. In jaundice yellow appearnce f eyebal is due to pigment in sclera
E. Very thin at posteriorly
Lens drives its nourshment from

A. Air
B. Aqueous humor ans
C. Vitreous
D. Perilimbal capillaries
Orbit possesses lymphatic vessels ….?

Yes or No ans is NO
Regarding Cavernous sinus

A. Trochlear nerve lies above the oculomotor nerve
B. Trochlear nerve lies below the ophthalmic divison of trigeminal nerve
C. Oculomotor nerve nerve lies below the ophthalmic divison of trigeminal nerve
D. Trochlear nerve lies between Oculomotor above and ophthalmic divison of trigeminal nerve below ans
E. None of above
Regarding Bell’s palsy which is false

A. due to Cold
B. Permanant loss of function ans
C. Saliva dribble from corner of mouth
D. seen in AIDs patient
E. Usually unilateral

Causes of Vertigo

A. Meniere’s disease
B. Multiple sclerosis
C. Tumors
D. Vascular lesion of brain stem
E. All of above ans
Superior colliculus & Pretectal nucleus are concerned with

A. Visual sensation
B. Visual body reflexes
C. Light reflexes
D. All of above
E. only B & C ans
Which lipoprotein contains highest amount of protein

A. HDL ans
B. LDL
C. VLDL
D. Chylomicron
In absence of factor 8, next best source of factor 8 is?
A. albumin
B. cryoprecptat ans
C. packd cels
D. platelet concentrate
E. whole blood
Drug of choice for pupillary dilation in children is

A. Atropine ans????
B. Homatropine
C. Scopolamine
D. Cyclopentolate

3rd cranial nerve palsy:

Eyes deviation downward and
outward
Ptosis
Pupil may be dilated (specially in
post.communicating A aneurysm
3rd cranial nerve palsy has
several reasons: Weber syndrome
(associated with contra-lateral
hemiplegia), MS, DM, SLE,
temporal arteritis, cavernous
sinus thrombosis, amyloidosis
and uncal herniation.
Swelling behind ear is diagnostic off

A. Cavernous sinus thrombosis ans
B. Orbital cellulitis
C. Unilateral ptosis
D. Bilateral proptosis
Tears are produced in newborn after

A. 3 days
B. 1 week
C. 2 week
D. 3 week ans
E. None f above
Drug which reduce formation f aqueous humor

A. Adrenaline ans
B. Mannitol
C. Pilocarpine
D. Atropine
Sclera is weakest at

A. Limbus
B. Post: pole
C. Ant: pole
D. Attachment of muscle ans
Second order neurons in optic pathway are present in

A. Bipolar connected neuron in the retina
B. Ganglion cell of retina ans
C. Superior colliculus
D. Lateral geniculate body
Between epithelium and stroma of cornea lies

A. Bownans membrane ans
B. Descemets membrane
C. Endothelium
D. None f above
Wernicke triad- confusion,
ophthalmoplagia, ataxia

Whipples triad- hypoglcemia
symptoms, glucose infusion,
recovery

Virchows triad-
hypercoagalability, endothelial
injury, stasis

Charcots triad- fever, pain,
jaundice (cholecystitis)

Wiskot Aldrich triad- infections,
purpura, eczema

Horner syndrome triad- ptosis,
anhydrosis, miosis

Hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhages occur mostly within

A. Pons
B. Occipital lobe
C. Frontal lobe
D. Basal ganglia ans
E. Cerebellum
The percentage of concentration in mg in urine is maximum for

A. Glucose
B. Urea
C. Uric acid
D. Inulin ans
E. Creatinine
Angiotension 1 is converted into angiotension 2 in

a. liver
b. Lungs ans
c. heart
d. skletal muscle
e. spleen
which of following is not obligate aerobes ?

a. Nocardia
b. P. Aeruginosa
c. M.Tuberculosis
d. Bacillius
e. Clostrium ans E…Clostridium…these are killed by hyperbaric oxygen!
Majority source of urea is

a. Dietry proteins ans
b. Dietry purines
c. Dietry pyrimidines
d. Dietry phospholipids
e. Beta hydroxybutyric acid
The majority of afferents in the basal ganglion come from

a. Cerebellum
b. Thalmus
c. Motor cortex
d. Brain stem
e. Assiciate corter ans
In Parkinson’s disease which out of the following transmitter is reduced in the basal ganglia

a. Acetylcholine
b. Dopamine ans
c. Histamine
d. Melatonin
e. GABA
Membrane covering the anterior portion of the eyeball.

A.cornea
B.conjunctiva ans??
C.sclera
D.eyelid
Which of the following is responsible for the physiological blind spot?

A Fovea centralis
B Optic nerve
C Macula densa
D Optic disk ans
Clouding of the lens is known as

A Cataracts ans
B Open angle glaucoma
C Closed angle glaucoma
D Scleroderma
As light enters the eye, it first passes through a lubricating tear film that coats the

A: iris
B: cornea ans
C: pupil
D: muscle
This is a thin, light-sensitive tissue that lines the back of the eye and acts much like film in a camera.

A: lens
B: cornea
C: retina ans
D: Iris
Sclera is thinnest at:

a). Posterior pole of eye
b). Immediately anterior to insertion of recti muscles
c). Immediately posterior to insertion of recti muscles ans
d). at equator
e). At limbus
EyeBall in the anterior part of of the orbital cavity which of the following is true

a) closer to roof than floor
b) closer to floor than roof
c) nearer the lateral than medial wall
d) nearer the medial than lateral wall
e) both a & c ans
Anteroposterior diameter of eye is

a) 23 mm
b) 23.5 mm
c) 24 mm ans
d) 24.5 mm
e) 25 mm
Middle meningeal artery passes through:

a) Foramen Spinosum ans

b) Foramen lacerum

c) Foramen rotundum

d) Foramen Ovale
DNA virus acting on respiratory system include

a. Adenovirus ans
b. rhinovirus
c, respiratory syncitial virus
d. influneza virus
Which cell group is more suscepitble to ischemic necrosis ?

a. heart
b, neuron ans
c. epiderms
d. small intenstine




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