In this article we will talk about the Dental Instruments used in Oral Surgery.
Surgical Unit and Handpiece
The surgical unit includes the following:
Surgicalmicromotor: This is a simplemachine with
quite satisfactory cutting ability.
Technologically advanced machines, which function with nitrous dioxide or electricity and have a much greater cutting ability than the aforementioned micromotor.
The surgical handpiece is attached to the above unit, includes many types, and is manufactured to suit the needs of oral surgery. Its advantages are as follows:
- It functions at high speeds and has great cutting
- It does not emit air into the surgical field.
It may be sterilized in the autoclave.
- The handpiece may receive various cutting instruments.
Electric surgical micromotor with adjustable speed
High-speed surgical handpiece
Handle: The most commonly used handle in oral surgery is the Bard–Parker no. 3. Its tip may receive different types of blades.
Scalpel and various types of scalpel blades (nos. 11, 12, 15) commonly used in oral surgery
Blade: Blades are disposable and are of three different types (nos. 11, 12, and 15). The most common type of
Blade is no. 15, which is used for flaps and incisions on edentulous alveolar ridges.
Blade no. 12 is indicated for incisions in the gingival sulcus and incisions posterior to the teeth, especially in the maxillary tuberosity area.
Blade no. 11 is used for small incisions, such as those used for incising abscesses.
The scalpel blade is placed on the handle with the help of a needle holder, or hemostat, with which it slides into the slotted
receiver with the beveled end parallel to that of the handle.
Scalpel is held in a pen grasp
This instrument has many different types of end. The most commonly used periosteal elevator in intraoral surgery is the no.9 Molt, which has two different ends: a pointed end, used for elevating the interdental papillae of the gingiva, and a broad end, which facilitates elevating the mucoperiosteum from the bone. The Freer elevator is used for reflecting the gingiva surrounding the tooth before extraction. This instrument is considered suitable, compared to standard elevators, because it is easy to use and has
thin anatomic ends. The elevator may also be used for holding the flap after reflecting, facilitating manipulations during the
surgical procedure. The Seldin elevator is considered most suitable for this purpose.
You Make Like to Watch The Video of Dental Materials used in Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery.